1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List St Giles in the Fields and St George Bloomsbury PLPar/RegD Bloomsbury and St Giles South SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 104 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 38 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 19 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Police 36 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 6 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 4 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 1 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 29 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 14 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 1 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 8 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 3 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 659 Show data context 241 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 17 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 3 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 2 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Theological Student 1 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 2 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 113 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Law Student 30 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 72 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 66 Show data context -
  Dentist 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Medical Student, Assistant 60 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 4 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 18 Show data context 40 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 19 Show data context 48 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 24 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 5 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 9 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Engineer 18 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 2 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 15 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 28 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 14 Show data context -
  Architect 40 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Musician, Music Master 26 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Art Student 13 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Photographer 5 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Actor 11 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 3 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 4 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 324 Show data context 2,170 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 110 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 3 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 121 Show data context 1,974 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 69 Show data context 49 Show data context
  College, Club Service 4 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 5 Show data context -
  Charwoman - 58 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 2 Show data context 78 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 4 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 2 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 700 Show data context 33 Show data context
  Merchant 89 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 77 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 32 Show data context -
  Accountant 25 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 7 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 57 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 349 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 1 Show data context -
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 44 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 17 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 497 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 13 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 39 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 137 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 89 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Navigation Service (on shore) 2 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 8 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 1 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 38 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 167 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 15 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 7 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 2 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 86 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 77 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 5 Show data context -
  Fisherman 1 Show data context -
  Knacker, Catsmeat Dealer &c &c. 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 238 Show data context 53 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bookbinder 33 Show data context 42 Show data context
  Printer 137 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 13 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 15 Show data context -
  Copper Plate and Steel Plate Printer 1 Show data context -
  Map and Print - Colourer, Seller 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 126 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 10 Show data context -
  Millwright 1 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 9 Show data context -
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 2 Show data context -
  File Maker 4 Show data context -
  Pencil Maker (Wood) 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 34 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 14 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 9 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 3 Show data context -
  Sword, Bayonet - Maker, Cutler 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 20 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Type Cutter, Founder 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Toy Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 475 Show data context 37 Show data context
  Builder 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 96 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 34 Show data context -
  Mason 6 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 7 Show data context -
  Plumber 22 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 110 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 68 Show data context 18 Show data context
  French Polisher 25 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 11 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 17 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Others 2 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 8 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dealer in Works of Art 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker 3 Show data context 13 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 85 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Coachmaker 50 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 11 Show data context -
  Others 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 21 Show data context 3 Show data context
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 47 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture - 3 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 28 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 9 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Drysalter 2 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 29 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 28 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 1 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 362 Show data context 158 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 34 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 17 Show data context 120 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 13 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Hop - Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brewer 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Cellarman 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 31 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 41 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 13 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 31 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 8 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Baker 39 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 13 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 25 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 4 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 37 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 4 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 78 Show data context 53 Show data context
  Woolstapler 1 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 38 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 8 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Embroiderer 5 Show data context 16 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 197 Show data context 405 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tailor 101 Show data context 58 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 6 Show data context 282 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 2 Show data context 47 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 51 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Accoutrement Maker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 2 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 44 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Soap Boiler, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furrier, Skinner 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Currier 6 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 6 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 74 Show data context 42 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 13 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Japanner 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Sawyer 2 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 5 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Envelope Maker - 2 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 21 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Card, Pattern Card Maker 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Paper Stainer - 3 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker - 7 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer - 3 Show data context
  Others 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 230 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Coal Merchant 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 6 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 3 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Paviour 2 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 1 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 2 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 57 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Gold, Silver, Beater 1 Show data context -
  Lapidary 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 8 Show data context -
  [Steel Manufacture] 1 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 21 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 7 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 17 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 3 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 11 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 30 Show data context -
  Metal Burnisher, Lacquerer - 1 Show data context
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 3 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 3 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 2 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 234 Show data context 91 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 48 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 6 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 13 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 11 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  General Labourer 68 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 14 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 46 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 5 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 18 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 2 Show data context 30 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 12 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 10 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 2 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 202 Show data context 487 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 202 Show data context 487 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 141 Show data context 2,608 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 4 Show data context -
  [Blank field, or illegible] 137 Show data context 2,608 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)