Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for GLOUCESTER and BRISTOL

GLOUCESTER and BRISTOL, a diocese comprehending all Gloucestershire, the deaneries of Cricklade and Malmsbury in Wilts, and the parish of Bedminster in Somerset. Acres, 1, 000, 503. Pop. in 1861, 568, 574. Houses, 109, 194. Obscure history, more traditional than authentic, says that Gloucester was made an arcli-bishopric by Lucius, the first Christian king of Britain; that a bishop of Gloucester existed in 490 or 522; and that the bishopric, or archbishopric, was suppressed by the Saxons about 570. A bishopric of Lichfield, including Gloucestershire, was erected, about 657, by Edwy, king of Northumbria, who had subdued Mercia; that bishopric was divided, in 679, into the five bishoprics of Lichfield, Dorchester, Leicester, Hereford, and Worcester; and, except that suffragan bishops of Gloucester appear on record in 1223 and 1534, the bishopric of Worcester included Gloucester till the time of Henry VIII. A bishopric of Gloucester, comprehending Gloucestershire, was erected in 1541, was suppressed by Queen Mary, was re-established by Queen Elizabeth, continued to exist till 1836, and was then conjoined with the bishopric of Bristol. Among the bishops of Gloucester have been Wakeman, Ravis, and Miles Smith, translators of the Bible; Hooper, the "stiff-necked;" Goodman, who seceded to the Church of Rome; Frampton, the superstitions; Huntingford, the learned; Monk, the scholarly; and Warburton, the well-known theological author. The bishop of the united diocese has an income of £5, 000, and resides in the episcopal palace at Gloucester. There are two cathedral establishments, at respectively Gloucester and Bristol; and that of Gloucester includes a dean, four canons, an archdeacon, thirteen honorary canons, a chancellor, and three minor canons. The united diocese comprehends seven deaneries in the archdeaconry of Gloucester, and seven in the archdeaconry of Bristol. Many of the livings have recently been raised in status, chiefly p. curacies into vicarages, and are named according to their new status in our separate articles on them: but all shall be named here as they stood in 1862.

The deanery of Gloucester comprises the livings in Gloucester city, or connected with it; the rectories of Fretherne, Harescombe, Pitchcombe, Hempstead, Lassington, Matson, Quedgeley, and Great Witcomb; the vicarages of Arlingham, Ashleworth, Barnwood, Brockthorpe, Haresfield, Hartpury, Longney, Sandhurst, and Standish; and the p. curacies of Whaddon, Churchdown, Hucclecote, Elmore, Framilode, Maisemore, Moreton Valance, Norton, Randwick, Saul, Hardwicke, Twigworth-St. Matthew, Upton-St. Leonard, and Wheaten-hurst. The deanery of Campden comprises the rectories of Alderton, Aston-Somerville, Aston-sub-Edge, Batsford, Bourton-on-the-Hill, Buckland, Clifford-Chambers, Pinnock, Dorsington, Dumbleton, Hinton-on-the-Green, Kemerton, Marston-Sicca, Saintbury, Stanton, Todenham, Welford, Weston-sub-Edge, Willersey, and Worming; the vicarages of Beckford, Chipping-Campden, Childswickham, Didbrook, Ebrington, Mickleton, Pebworth, Quinton, Stan way, Toddington, and Weston-upon-Avon; and the p. curacies of Ashton-under-Hill, Moreton-in-the-Marsh, Cow-Honeybourne, Hayles, Lemington, Preston-on-Stour, Snowshill, Stanley-Pontlarge, and Great Washbourn. The deanery of Dursley comprises the rectories of Beverstone, Dursley, Lasborough, Newington-Bagpath, Rockhampton, Slimbridge, Uley, and Woselworth; the vicarages of Berkeley, Cam, Coaley, Frampton-on-Severn, Thornbury, and Wotton-under-Edge; the p. curacies of Kingscote, Hill, Kingswood, Owlpen, North Nibley, Stinchcombe, Stone, Falfield, and Oldbury; and the chapelries of Lower Cam and Dursley-St. Mark. The deanery of the Forest comprises the rectories of Abbenhall, English Bicknor, Blaisdon, Bromsberrow, Huntley, Mitcheldean, Rudford, Staunton, Tainton, and Tibberton; the vicarages of Awre, Church-am, Dymock, Kempley, Longhope, Lydney, Minsterworth, Newent, Newland, Oxenhall, Preston, Ruardean, Tidenham, Westbury-on-Severn, and Woolaston; and the p. curacies of Blakeney, Beachley, Bream, Bulley, Highnam, Clearwell, Coleford, Little Dean, Flaxley, Christchurch-in-the-Forest, St. John-in-the-Forest, St. Paul-in-the-Forest, Trinity-in-the-Forest, Hewelsfield, Lea, Lydbrook, Aylburton, St. Briavels, Newnham, Pauntley, Tutshill, Alvington, Lancaut, and Upleaden. The deanery of Stonehouse comprises the rectories of Avening, Brimpsfield, Cranham, Cherrington, Coberley, Cowley, Eastington, Edgeworth, Elkstone, Minchin-hampton, Miserden, Nympsfield, Rodmarton, Sapperton, Shipton-Moigne, Kings-Stanley, St. Leonards-Stanley, Syde, Winstone, and Woodchester; the vicarages of Bisley, Frocester, Horsley, Painswick, Stonehouse, and Tetbury; the p. curacies of Bussage, Chalford, Oakridge, Amberley, Brimscombe, Rodborough, Shepscombe, Slad, Frampton-Mansel, Selsley, Cainscross, Stroud, and Whiteshill; and the chapelries of France-Lynch, Stroud-Trinity, and Tetbury-St. Saviour.

The deanery of Stowe comprises the rectories of Bourton-on-the Water, Broadwell, Condicote, Guyting-Temple, Hawling, Hazleton, Iccomb, Seizincote, Naunton, Notgrove, Oddington, Great Rissington, Little Rissington, Wick-Rissington, Shipton-Sollars, Shipton-Oliffe, Upper Slaughter, Stow-on-the-Wold, Sutton-under-Brails, Upper Swell, Westcote, and Windrush; the vicarages of Aston-Blank, Great Barrington, Little Barrington, Bledington, Guyting-Inferior, Longborough, Lower Swell, and Turk-Dean; and the p. curacies of Clapton, Lower Slaughter, Addlestrop, Little Compton, Farmcote, Yanworth, and Cold Salperton. The deanery of Winchcomb comprises the rectories of Bishops-Cleeve, Cheltenham, Colesbourne, Dowdeswell, Hasfield, Leckhampton, Sudeley, Swindon, Whittington, Withington, and Woolstone; the vicarages of Badgeworth, Brockworth, Corse, Down-Hatherley, Elmstone-Hardwick, Leigh, Prestbury, Staverton, Tewkesbury, Tirley, Twyning, and Winchcomb; and the p. curacies of Ashchurch, Shurdington, Stoke-Orchard, Charlton-Abbots, Charlton-Kings, Cheltenham-St. James, Cheltenham-St. John, Cheltenham-St. Luke, Cheltenham-St. Mark, Cheltenham-St. Paul, Cheltenham-St. Peter, Cheltenham-Christchurch, Cheltenham-Trinity, Deerhurst, Forthampton, Leckhampton-St. Philip and St. James, Oxenton, Seven-hampton, Boddington, Teekesbury-Trinity, Tredington, Walton-Cardiff, and Gretton.

The deanery of Bristol comprises the livings in the city of Bristol, or connected with it; the livings in Bedminster and in Clifton; the rectories of Compton-Greenfield, Filton, Frenchay, Littleton-on-Severn, and Winterbourne; the vicarages of Abbots-Leigh, Almondsbury, Elberton, Henbury, Olveston, Stapleton, and Stoke-Gifford; and the p. curacies of Alveston, Aust, Northwick, Redwick, Hallen, Horfield, Bishopston, Mangots-field, Downend, Shirehampton, Fishpond, Stoke-Bishop, Westbury-on-Trym, and Redland. The deanery of Cirencester comprises the rectories of Badgendon, North Cerney, Coates, Coln-St. Dennis, Coln-Rogers, Daglingworth, Duntsbourne-Abbots, Duntsbourne-Rous, Farmington, Hampnett, Stowell, Harnhill, Rendcoomb, Siddington, and Stratton; the vicarages of Ampney-Crucis, South Cerney, Chedworth, Driffield, Northleach, Preston, and Sherbourne; and the p. curacies of Ampney-St. Mary, Ampney-St. Peter, Baunton, Cerney-Wick, Cirencester, Watermoor, and Compton-Abdale. The deanery of Fairford comprises the rectories of Barnsley, Eastleach - Martin, Hatherop, Meysey - Hampton, and Quenington; the vicarages of Bibury, Coln-St. Aldwyn, Down-Amney, Fairford, Kempsford, Lechlade, and Southrop; and the p. curacies of Aldsworth, Winson, Eastleach-Turville, and Marston-Meysey. The deanery of Hawkesbury comprises the rectories of Alderley, Cold Ashton, Boxwell-with-Leighterton, Charfield, Cromhall, Doynton, Didmarton-with-Oldbury, Doddington, Dyrham-with-Hinton, Frampton-Cotterell, Horton, Iron-Acton, Siston, Little Sodbury, Tormarton, Tortworth, Weston-Birt, Wickwar, and Yate; the vicarages of Great Badminton, Bitton, Hawkesbury, Marshfield, Puckle-church, Old Sodbury, Tytherington, and Wapley-with-Codrington; and the p. curacies of Coal-Pit-Heath, Hanham-Abbots-with-Christchurch, Tresham, Hillesley, Kingswood, Oldland, Abson, Westerleigh, Wick, Range-worthy, Chipping-Sodbury, Acton-Turville, West Littleton, and Warmley. The deanery of Cricklade comprises the rectories of Bishopstone, Blunsdon-St. Andrew, Castle-Eaton, Cricklade-St. Mary, Little Hinton, Liddington, Lydiard-Milicent, Lydiard-Tregoz, Sharncote, and Stanton-Fitzwarren; the vicarages of Ashton-Keynes, Cricklade-St. Sampson, Hannington, Highworth, Inglesham, Latton-with-Eisey, Purton, Rodborne-Cheney, Somerford-Keynes, Stratton-St. Margaret, Swindon, Wanborough, and Wroughton; and the p. curacies of Leigh, Broad Blunsdon, Sevenhampton, South Marston, Poulton, and Swindon-St. Mark. The deanery of North Malmsbury comprises the rectories of Ashley, Bremilham, Brinkworth, Crudwell, Dantsey, Easton-Gray, Foxley, Garsden, Luckington, Long Newnton, Oaksey, Poole-Keynes, Somerford-Magna, Somerford-Parva, Sopworth, and Stanton-St. Quentin; the vicarages of the Lea-with-Claverton, Hankerton, Hullavington, Kemble, Malmsbury, Minety, Norton-Coleparle, Sherston-Magna, and Westport; and the p. curacies of Corston, Rodborne, Pinkney, Brokenborough, and Charlton. The deanery of South Malmsbury comprises the rectories of Biddestone, Box, Castle-Combe, Christian-Malford, Ditteridge, Draycot-Cerne, Griddleton, Hardenhuish, Kellaways, West Kington, Langley-Burrell, Leigh-Delamere, Littleton-Drew, Nettleton, North Wraxall, and Yatton-Keynell; the vicarages of Alderton, Chippenham, Colerne, Corsham, Kington-St. Michael, Lacock, Seagry, and Sutton-Benger; and the p. curacies of Slaughterford, Tytherton, Kington-St. Peter, Bowden-Hill, and Langley-Burrell-St. Paul.

(John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72))

Linked entities:
Feature Description: "a diocese"   (ADL Feature Type: "countries, 2nd order divisions")
Administrative units: Gloucestershire AncC       Somerset AncC       Wiltshire AncC
Place: Gloucester

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