Decennial Cause of Death by Age for under 5s

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Data for 01 Jan 1851 to 31 Dec 1860 Age between birth and 5 in three bands
Cause of Death (Simplified) 0 1 2 to 4
Respiratory TB 12,563 Show data context 8,764 Show data context 9,451 Show data context
Other TB 48,246 Show data context 33,311 Show data context 27,412 Show data context
Typhus & Typhoid 5,360 Show data context 7,086 Show data context 20,623 Show data context
Scarlet Fever 10,349 Show data context 22,002 Show data context 66,944 Show data context
Gastro-intestinal 89,843 Show data context 27,455 Show data context 12,772 Show data context
Smallpox 9,327 Show data context 5,042 Show data context 9,004 Show data context
Whooping Cough 36,356 Show data context 27,122 Show data context 23,458 Show data context
Measles 13,284 Show data context 26,495 Show data context 27,575 Show data context
Diptheria 1,733 Show data context 2,201 Show data context 6,311 Show data context
Lungs 137,160 Show data context 67,424 Show data context 48,139 Show data context
Cancer 171 Show data context 87 Show data context 277 Show data context
Childbirth 0 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
Violence 11,102 Show data context 5,513 Show data context 14,161 Show data context
Other 566,154 Show data context 90,999 Show data context 78,374 Show data context
Data for 01 Jan 1861 to 31 Dec 1870 Age between birth and 5 in three bands
Cause of Death (Simplified) 0 1 2 to 4
Respiratory TB 9,858 Show data context 7,953 Show data context 8,677 Show data context
Other TB 59,583 Show data context 37,499 Show data context 27,734 Show data context
Typhus & Typhoid 4,923 Show data context 7,150 Show data context 21,672 Show data context
Scarlet Fever 12,084 Show data context 27,583 Show data context 85,702 Show data context
Gastro-intestinal 123,683 Show data context 33,945 Show data context 11,732 Show data context
Smallpox 7,792 Show data context 3,402 Show data context 6,683 Show data context
Whooping Cough 44,088 Show data context 32,876 Show data context 26,312 Show data context
Measles 16,786 Show data context 34,029 Show data context 32,046 Show data context
Diptheria 3,531 Show data context 4,884 Show data context 12,438 Show data context
Lungs 168,924 Show data context 82,909 Show data context 53,982 Show data context
Cancer 34 Show data context 49 Show data context 274 Show data context
Childbirth 0 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
Violence 15,627 Show data context 6,522 Show data context 14,068 Show data context
Other 628,289 Show data context 106,165 Show data context 85,242 Show data context
Data for 01 Jan 1871 to 31 Dec 1880 Age between birth and 5 in three bands
Cause of Death (Simplified) 0 1 2 to 4
Respiratory TB 9,632 Show data context 6,949 Show data context 7,046 Show data context
Other TB 70,836 Show data context 41,093 Show data context 28,587 Show data context
Typhus & Typhoid 2,733 Show data context 4,075 Show data context 13,224 Show data context
Scarlet Fever 9,428 Show data context 23,598 Show data context 74,316 Show data context
Gastro-intestinal 139,539 Show data context 35,253 Show data context 9,693 Show data context
Smallpox 7,255 Show data context 2,377 Show data context 6,784 Show data context
Whooping Cough 50,481 Show data context 36,887 Show data context 27,207 Show data context
Measles 18,741 Show data context 32,680 Show data context 28,250 Show data context
Diptheria 1,914 Show data context 2,886 Show data context 9,626 Show data context
Lungs 218,740 Show data context 103,473 Show data context 61,169 Show data context
Cancer 55 Show data context 51 Show data context 285 Show data context
Childbirth 0 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
Violence 18,545 Show data context 6,160 Show data context 13,583 Show data context
Other 660,803 Show data context 104,106 Show data context 78,520 Show data context
Data for 01 Jan 1881 to 31 Dec 1890 Age between birth and 5 in three bands
Cause of Death (Simplified) 0 1 2 to 4
Respiratory TB 6,786 Show data context 5,090 Show data context 5,735 Show data context
Other TB 69,255 Show data context 36,982 Show data context 28,341 Show data context
Typhus & Typhoid 679 Show data context 1,084 Show data context 4,541 Show data context
Scarlet Fever 4,546 Show data context 11,872 Show data context 37,584 Show data context
Gastro-intestinal 117,456 Show data context 25,191 Show data context 6,642 Show data context
Smallpox 1,381 Show data context 429 Show data context 984 Show data context
Whooping Cough 50,265 Show data context 35,923 Show data context 26,604 Show data context
Measles 24,075 Show data context 43,644 Show data context 37,448 Show data context
Diptheria 2,045 Show data context 4,541 Show data context 16,775 Show data context
Lungs 226,942 Show data context 120,256 Show data context 85,527 Show data context
Cancer 111 Show data context 139 Show data context 441 Show data context
Childbirth 0 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
Violence 20,626 Show data context 5,631 Show data context 12,404 Show data context
Other 663,392 Show data context 95,240 Show data context 60,574 Show data context
Data for 01 Jan 1891 to 31 Dec 1900 Age between birth and 5 in three bands
Cause of Death (Simplified) 0 1 2 to 4
Respiratory TB 4,769 Show data context 4,125 Show data context 4,983 Show data context
Other TB 63,754 Show data context 31,508 Show data context 26,573 Show data context
Typhus & Typhoid 400 Show data context 581 Show data context 2,430 Show data context
Scarlet Fever 2,390 Show data context 5,879 Show data context 20,071 Show data context
Gastro-intestinal 157,952 Show data context 27,835 Show data context 5,427 Show data context
Smallpox 499 Show data context 164 Show data context 401 Show data context
Whooping Cough 49,653 Show data context 33,121 Show data context 22,683 Show data context
Measles 26,901 Show data context 47,612 Show data context 36,800 Show data context
Diptheria 3,825 Show data context 9,657 Show data context 32,034 Show data context
Lungs 236,648 Show data context 112,851 Show data context 68,277 Show data context
Cancer 193 Show data context 194 Show data context 657 Show data context
Childbirth 0 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
Violence 26,960 Show data context 5,661 Show data context 14,136 Show data context
Other 735,199 Show data context 85,953 Show data context 51,533 Show data context
Data for 01 Jan 1901 to 31 Dec 1910 Age between birth and 5 in three bands
Cause of Death (Simplified) 0 1 2 to 4
Respiratory TB 3,386 Show data context 3,553 Show data context 4,464 Show data context
Other TB 41,851 Show data context 24,691 Show data context 24,970 Show data context
Typhus & Typhoid 70 Show data context 122 Show data context 867 Show data context
Scarlet Fever 1,328 Show data context 3,651 Show data context 14,995 Show data context
Gastro-intestinal 134,909 Show data context 25,906 Show data context 5,341 Show data context
Smallpox 417 Show data context 112 Show data context 302 Show data context
Whooping Cough 41,815 Show data context 26,456 Show data context 17,011 Show data context
Measles 22,005 Show data context 40,154 Show data context 29,770 Show data context
Diptheria 2,589 Show data context 6,703 Show data context 23,585 Show data context
Lungs 186,365 Show data context 84,436 Show data context 46,568 Show data context
Cancer 219 Show data context 220 Show data context 715 Show data context
Childbirth 0 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
Violence 21,562 Show data context 5,617 Show data context 13,704 Show data context
Other 638,984 Show data context 65,001 Show data context 45,707 Show data context
Date: Source:
1851 - 1910 Registrar General, Decennial Supplement (HM Stationery Office) ,

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nCube definition


The Registrar General's Decennial Supplements provided extremely detailed information on causes of death between 1851-60 and 1901-10, but unfortunately used five different classifications of cause of death to cover those six decades. Graham Mooney, of Johns Hopkins University, has therefore defined a simplified cause of death classification to which we have converted the original data. Inevitably, many causes have had to be grouped into an enlarged 'other' category, but we are still able to consistently...


identify the main epidemic diseases. This nCube presents the more detailed information for children under 5, although in order to include all decades we have had to ignore gender and combine ages 2 to 4 into a single category.

How to reference this page:

GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, England Dep through time | Life and Death Statistics | Decennial Cause of Death by Age for under 5s, A Vision of Britain through Time.

URL: http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit/10061325/cube/CoD_grouped_U5

Date accessed: 05th December 2021